Why was the Interstate Compact made?

Why was the Interstate Compact made?

Interstate compacts are authorized in Article I, Section 10 of the U.S. Constitution. Historically, compacts were used primarily to settle boundary disputes between a pair of neighboring states, such as the 1949 Kansas-Missouri Boundary Compact. The focus of compacts was fairly narrow and there were not many of them.

Do interstate compacts have to be approved by Congress?

The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled that congressional consent is only necessary for interstate compacts that “encroach upon or interfere with the just supremacy of the United States.” Because the choice of method of appointing presidential electors is an “exclusive” and “plenary” state power, there is no encroachment on …

What is an interstate compact agreement?

Interstate compacts are agreements between states to enforce a policy that is not necessarily governed by federal law. Interstate compacts are one way that states can work together to enforce a policy or regulation without the interference of the federal government.

Who must approve interstate compacts?

Congress must explicitly approve any compact that would give a state power that is otherwise designated to the federal government. Most early interstate compacts resolved boundary disputes, but since the early 20th century, compacts have increasingly been used as a tool of state cooperation.

Which of the following must approve an Interstate Compact before it becomes binding upon the parties?

No amendment shall become effective and binding upon the Interstate Commission and the compacting states unless and until it is enacted into law by unanimous consent of the compacting states.

What types of issues do interstate compacts deal with?

About Interstate Compacts

  • Resolving boundary disputes;
  • Managing the interstate allocation of natural resources; and.
  • Creating interstate administrative agencies in a wide range of policy areas, including tax reform, education, criminal justice, licensing, and energy and environment.

What are the rules of an interstate compact?

The Interstate Compact Agreement is also known as the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision. This agreement began in 2002 and is effective in all 50 states. The agreement allows adult offenders to serve parole and probation in regions other than the states where they were convicted.

Is the Interstate Compact legal?

The Supreme Court has allowed interstate compacts to stand without congressional consent if they are non-political and fall outside the scope of the Compact Clause (Seattle Master Builders Ass’n v. Pacific Northwest Elec. Power and Conservation Planning Council, 786 F.

What are some examples of interstate compacts?

California belongs to 33 interstate compacts….California.

Name: Issue Formation Date
Colorado River Crime Enforcement Compact Law enforcement 1987
Driver License Compact Licensure 1958
Emergency Management Assistance Compact Emergency management 1996
Interstate Civil Defense and Disaster Compact Defense 1951

What is Dillon’s rule?

What is the Dillon Rule? The Dillon Rule is the principal that local government only exercises (1) powers expressly granted by the state, (2) powers necessarily and fairly implied from the grant of power, and (3) powers crucial to the existence of local government.

What is one example of an interstate compact?

The most obvious example is the participation of the District of Columbia in interstate compacts. The district, with congressional approval, is eligible to join an interstate compact. In fact the district is a member of 17 different interstate compacts, including several 50-state compacts.

What was the first interstate compact called?

Port of New York Authority Compact of 1921
The Port of New York Authority Compact of 1921 was the first interstate compact involving regulatory power and revenue sources.

An interstate compact is an agreement between two or more states, but in order for the compact to be in effect, it must be approved by the states’ respective legislatures, and, then, generally, it must be approved by Congress. As Section 10, Article I, of the U. S. Constitution states:

What are some purposes of interstate compacts?

Compacts Today. The purpose of interstate compacts ranges from implementing common laws to exchanging information about similar problems. They apply to everything from conservation and resource management to civil defense, emergency management, law enforcement, transportation, and taxes.

Why do States form interstate compacts?

Interstate compacts are an increasingly important and popular form of cooperation among states. Through compacts, states can address shared problems, promote a common agenda, and produce collective goods on a wide array of issues such as child welfare, criminal justice, education, health, natural resources, taxation and transportation.

Which states are compact?


  • Nebraska
  • New Hampshire
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Oklahoma
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota
  • Tennessee