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Why did Shia refuse to accept the Umayyads rule?
Shia Muslims, representing about 10% of the population of the Ummah (then and now), viewed the Umayyad government as fundamentally illegitimate, rejecting the very idea of a caliphate and arguing instead that the faithful should be led by an Imam: a direct biological and spiritual descendant of Muhammad’s family.
Why did the Shi’a reject the Umayyad Caliphate?
Who opposed the Umayyads?
The Abbasid Revolution, also called the Movement of the Men of the Black Raiment, was the overthrow of the Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 CE), the second of the four major Caliphates in early Islamic history, by the third, the Abbasid Caliphate (750–1517 CE).
Did the Shia agree that the Umayyad dynasty should rule Islam?
The Shia did not agree that the Umayyad dynasty should rule Islam. The Sunnis believed that Ali’s descendants should rule Islam.
Where did the Umayyads rule?
The Umayyad Caliphate expanded the Islamic Empire into one of the largest empires in the history of the world. At its peak, the Umayyad Caliphate controlled the Middle East, parts of India, much of North Africa, and Spain.
What were the causes of the fall of the Umayyad khilafat in Spain?
Military Defeat, Financial Crisis, and Revolts Sam Abboud—FPG An unclear line of succession plagued the Umayyad dynasty throughout its reign, and civil unrest and tribal warfare often surrounded the naming of new caliphs.
Was Umayyad a Shia?
Both the Umayyads and the Abbasids were Sunni. The Sunni and the Shia split early in Islamic history. They split mainly over who should be the successor to the Prophet Muhammad. In that conflict, the leaders of the Umayyads fought against Ali, who was Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law.
Were the Umayyads Shia or Sunni?
Both the Umayyads and the Abbasids were Sunni. The Sunni and the Shia split early in Islamic history. They split mainly over who should be the successor to the Prophet Muhammad.