Who were the 5 ephors?

Who were the 5 ephors?

The five ephors are the highest authority in Sparta after the two kings. They are elected annually by the assembly, composed of all Spartan citizens over the age of thirty. Immediately after their election the ephors fulfil a significant annual duty.

What is a Spartan magistrate?

ephor, (Greek ephoros), title of the highest Spartan magistrates, five in number, who with the kings formed the main executive wing of the state. The ephors presided over meetings of the council of elders, or gerousia, and assembly, or apella, and were responsible for the execution of their decrees.

What did Spartans call the five men elected each year?

The ephors were a council of five Spartan men elected annually who swore an oath monthly on the behalf of the city.

Who ruled Spartan?

Sparta was an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, both supposedly descendants of Heracles and equal in authority, so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.

How many helots were in Sparta?

The total population of helots at that time, including women, is estimated as 170,000–224,000. Since the helot population was not technically chattel, their population was reliant on native birth rates, as opposed to prisoners of war or purchased slaves.

Who were the helots and what did they do?

helot, a state-owned serf of the ancient Spartans. The ethnic origin of helots is uncertain, but they were probably the original inhabitants of Laconia (the area around the Spartan capital) who were reduced to servility after the conquest of their land by the numerically fewer Dorians.

How many Helots were in Sparta?

Who were Helots and what did they do?

In Ancient Sparta, the Helots were a subjugated population of slaves. Formerly warriors, the Helots outnumbered the Spartans considerably. During the time of the Battle of Plataea, which took place in 479 B.C., there were seven Helots for every Spartan.

What did Spartans call the five men elected each year in ancient Sparta who were responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens?

e Spartan government was an oligarchy headed by two kings, who led the Spartan army on its campaigns. A group of five men, known as the ephors (EH • fuhrs), were elected ch year and were responsible for the education of youth and the conduct of all citizens.

Who were the two Spartan kings?

The ancient Greek city of Sparta was ruled by two kings, one from each of the two founding families, Agaidai and Eurypontidae….Names & Dates of the Kings of Sparta.

House of Agaidai House of Eurypontidai
Cleomenes 520–490 Ariston 550–515
Leonidas 490–480 Demaratus 515–491

Who were helots called?

What were Spartan helots?

The Helots, whose name means “captives,” were fellow Greeks, originally from Laconia and Messenia, who had been conquered by the Spartans and turned into slaves.