What type of cone is Mount Nyiragongo?

What type of cone is Mount Nyiragongo?

Nyiragongo is a stratovolcano—a steep-sloped cone composed of alternating layers of hardened lava, solidified ash, and rocks ejected by previous eruptions. For five decades, the volcano cradled an active lava lake in its summit crater.

Is Mount Nyiragongo a shield volcano?

Nyiragongo is a steep-sided, active volcano. It is located in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Nyiragongo and the shield volcano of Nyamuragira, 40 km away, are part of the East African Rift Valley. This is an area of many faults where the plates are being stretched as they move away from each other.

What is Mount Nyiragongo made of?

Nyiragongo’s lavas are made of melilite nephelinite, an alkali-rich type of volcanic rock whose unusual chemical composition may be a factor in the unusual fluidity of the lavas there.

What type of plate boundary is Mt Nyiragongo?

Along this divergent plate boundary are volcanoes such as Mount Nyiragongo, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Mount Kilimanjaro, in Kenya. At a convergent plate boundary, tectonic plates move toward one another and collide.

What surrounds Mount Nyiragongo?

It is located inside Virunga National Park, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, about 12 km (7.5 mi) north of the town of Goma and Lake Kivu and just west of the border with Rwanda….

Mount Nyiragongo
Elevation 3,470 m (11,385 ft)
Coordinates 1°31′09″S 29°15′15″ECoordinates: 1°31′09″S 29°15′15″E

Is Mt Nyiragongo active?

Mount Nyiragongo, active volcano in the Virunga Mountains of east-central Africa. It lies in the volcano region of Virunga National Park, Congo (Kinshasa), near the border with Rwanda, 12 miles (19 km) north of Goma. Nyiragongo is known for its devastating eruptions.

Is Mount Nyiragongo a super volcano?

Nyiragongo (also spelled Niragongo), one of the world’s most beautiful and active volcanoes, is a large stratovolcano near Lake Kivu at the eastern border of DRCongo with Rwanda in the Virunga National Park. It has a 1.2 km diameter summit caldera containing the world’s most active and largest lava lake.

What caused Mount Nyiragongo to erupt 2021?

Kongba stated that magma detected underneath the city and nearby Lake Kivu could erupt, raising the possibility of a limnic eruption in the lake. While residents of Goma fled across the Rwandan border to Gisenyi, some residents of Gisenyi fled east after being shook by repeated tremors, the largest of which was 4.9.

What continent is Mount Nyiragongo?

Mount Nyiragongo, active volcano in the Virunga Mountains of east-central Africa.

What happened at Mount Nyiragongo?

Nyiragongo is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world because of its particularly fast-moving lava. It can flow at a speed of about 100km per hour. It’s reported that, in this recent eruption, about 30 people died when more than 500 houses were flattened by the lava flow.

What happened when Mount Nyiragongo erupted?

The eruption resulted in the deaths of at least 31 people as of May 26 according to media reports , and official reports from the Ministry of Communications of the Democratic Republic of Congo indicate that 232,433 people were evacuated from the region.

Is Nyiragongo still erupting?

On 22 May 2021, Mount Nyiragongo in the Democratic Republic of the Congo began erupting….

2021 Mount Nyiragongo eruption
End date Ongoing
Type Effusive
Location Democratic Republic of the Congo 1°31′09″S 29°15′15″ECoordinates: 1°31′09″S 29°15′15″E
Impact 32 dead 1,000 homes destroyed

What type of volcano is Mount Nyiragongo?

Mount Nyiragongo (/ ˌnɪərəˈɡɒŋɡoʊ, – ˈɡɔːŋ -/ neer-ə-GONG-go) is an active stratovolcano with an elevation of 3,470 m (11,385 ft) in the Virunga Mountains associated with the Albertine Rift.

What is the difference between shield volcano and cinder cone volcano?

Shield volcano eruptions are less explosive than composite volcanoes. Cinder cone volcanoes are steep, cone-shaped volcanoes built from lava fragments called ‘cinders.’

How deep is the lava lake at Nyiragongo?

The crater presently has two distinct cooled lava benches within the crater walls – one at about 3,175 m (10,417 ft) and a lower one at about 2,975 m (9,760 ft). Nyiragongo’s lava lake has at times been the most voluminous known lava lake in recent history. The depth of the lava lake varies considerably.