Table of Contents
What is Epictetus full name?
His original name is not known; epiktētos is the Greek word meaning “acquired.” As a boy he was a slave but managed to attend lectures by the Stoic Musonius Rufus. He later became a freedman and lived his life lame and in ill health.
Who was the father of stoicism?
Zeno of Citium
Stoicism takes its name from the place where its founder, Zeno of Citium (Cyprus), customarily lectured—the Stoa Poikile (Painted Colonnade). Zeno, who flourished in the early 3rd century bce, showed in his own doctrines the influence of earlier Greek attitudes, particularly those mentioned above.
Was Epictetus married?
Epictetus never married but adopted a child out of benevolence. Although Epictetus is said to have been crippled in one leg and walked around Nicopolis with a limp, he nevertheless remained active, teaching and lecturing until his death in 135 CE.
Did Marcus Aurelius know Epictetus?
Though far from a Stoic himself, he was reputedly a personal friends of Epictetus. Marcus was close to Hadrian, who chose him to succeed Antoninus, his immediate heir. So it’s quite possible Marcus first heard of Epictetus from Hadrian and others members of his court.
Which emperor wrote meditations?
Marcus Aurelius wrote the Meditations, his reflections in the middle of campaigning and administration. The extent to which he intended it to be seen by others is uncertain. It shows the strong influence of Stoicism on Marcus and has been held by generations as the thoughts of a philosopher-king.
What language did Epictetus?
Enchiridion of Epictetus
|Chapter 1 of the Enchiridion of Epictetus from a 1683 edition in Greek and Latin|
|Author||Epictetus / Arrian|
Who is Zeno founder of Stoicism?
Zeno of Citium, (born c. 335 bce, Citium, Cyprus—died c. 263, Athens), Hellenistic thinker who founded the Stoic school of philosophy, which influenced the development of philosophical and ethical thought in Hellenistic and Roman times.
Was Teddy Roosevelt a Stoic?
Turn Obstacles Into Fuel. Theodore Roosevelt was not only President and staunch advocate for the National Park System, but he was also an adventurer who practiced Stoicism. 121–180), incorporates the Stoic principles he used to cope with his life as a soldier and ruler of an empire.
Who founded Stoicism in Greece?
Who was first non Roman emperor?
Severan dynasty (193–235) First non-European emperor.
What school did Epictetus found?
Around AD 93, when the Roman emperor Domitian banished all philosophers from the city, Epictetus moved to Nicopolis in Epirus, Greece, where he founded a school of philosophy.
Why did Aurelius choose Commodus?
It seems clear that Marcus wanted to protect Commodus from danger, to build support for him among the northern legions, and to put him in a position to assume power so that there was less uncertainty over the succession. From this point on, Commodus remained in his father’s company.
Did Epictetus have a wife?
Epictetus never married, but for reasons of benevolence he late in life adopted a child whose parents could not provide for its maintenance. The major compilation of Epictetus’s teaching is the work standardly referred to in English as the Discourses; it was variously titled in antiquity.
Where did Epictetus live in ancient Greece?
Epictetus (/ˌɛpɪkˈtiːtəs/; Greek: Ἐπίκτητος, Epíktētos; c. 55 – 135 AD) was a Greek Stoic philosopher. He was born a slave at Hierapolis, Phrygia (present day Pamukkale, Turkey) and lived in Rome until his banishment, when he went to Nicopolis in northwestern Greece for the rest of his life.
What does Epictetus mean by self-knowledge?
Epictetus maintains that the foundation of all philosophy is self-knowledge, that is, the conviction of our ignorance and gullibility ought to be the first subject of our study. Logic provides valid reasoning and certainty in judgment, but it is subordinate to practical needs.
How many Epictetus books are there?
Although originally the book came in eight volumes, only four have survived. From the very beginning, they have yielded tremendous influence and have been translated in several languages since the sixteenth century. According to most sources, Epictetus did not marry and led a frugal life in Nicopolis. However, he was not against marriage.