What are the short-term and long term effects of tobacco use?
Smoking causes cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases, diabetes, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Smoking also increases risk for tuberculosis, certain eye diseases, and problems of the immune system, including rheumatoid arthritis.
What are 2 short-term effects of tobacco?
Short-Term Effects When nicotine enters the body, it initially causes the adrenal glands to release a hormone called adrenaline, which stimulates the body and gives it a pleasurable “kick.” But the rush of adrenaline also causes the following: increased blood pressure. increased heart rate. faster breathing.
What are the short-term effects of tobacco on the heart?
Research has shown that smoking increases heart rate, tightens major arteries, and can cause an irregular heart rhythm, all of which make your heart work harder. Smoking also raises blood pressure, which increases the risk of stroke.
Which is a short-term effect of nicotine in tobacco use?
Immediately after exposure to nicotine, there is a “kick” caused in part by the drug’s stimulation of the adrenal glands and resulting discharge of epinephrine (adrenaline). This rush of adrenaline stimulates the body and causes an increase in blood pressure, respiration, and heart rate.
What are 5 long-term effects of tobacco use?
eye cataracts, macular degeneration, yellowing of whites of eyes. loss of sense of smell and taste. yellow teeth, tooth decay and bad breath. cancer of the nose, lip, tongue and mouth.
What are the long-term effects of smoking on the skin?
Long-term effects include dry skin, uneven skin pigmentation, baggy eyes, a saggy jawline, and deeper facial wrinkles and furrows. It is common for the skin of a 40-year-old heavy smoker to resemble that of a 70-year-old nonsmoker.