What are the parts of the plant and their functions?

What are the parts of the plant and their functions?

The different parts of a plant include roots, stems, leaves, flowers, seeds and fruits. Roots have the function of absorbing water and minerals from the soil whereas the primary functions of stems are supporting, transporting, storing and reproducing.

What are the functions of a plant?


  • Providing strength and support to buds, flowers, leaves, and fruits.
  • Storing food mainly in the form of starch.
  • Transporting food, water, and minerals to all parts of the plant body.
  • Developing new plants from the stem of the old plant (vegetative reproduction)

What are the 7 parts of a plant?

The basic parts of most land plants are roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds.

What are the 12 parts of a plant?

Plant Parts – Root, Stem, Leaf, Transpiration, Respiration in Plants, Flower, Androecium, Gynoecium, Fruit, Transport Of Water And Minerals In Plants.

What are the 3 main functions of a leaf?


  • Photosynthesis.
  • Transpiration.
  • Guttation.
  • Storage.
  • Defense.

What are the 5 parts of plants?

Basic parts of most all plants are roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, and seeds. The roots help provide support by anchoring the plant and absorbing water and nutrients needed for growth. They can also store sugars and carbohydrates that the plant uses to carry out other functions.

What are four functions of plants?

Question 4 Anchoring of the plant to the soil. Absorption of water and nutrients from the soil. Conduction of absorbed water and nutrients to stem. Storage of food.

What is the most important function in a plant?

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process in which plants convert the light energy captured by chloroplasts to chemical energy needed for daily survival.

What are the 14 parts of a plant?

The basic parts of plants include: root, stem, leaves, flower, pistil, stamen, sepal, and seeds.

What is the function of flowers?

The primary purpose of the flower is reproduction. Since the flowers are the reproductive organs of the plant, they mediate the joining of the sperm, contained within pollen, to the ovules — contained in the ovary. Pollination is the movement of pollen from the anthers to the stigma.

What are the functions of the parts of a flower?

Parts of a flower

Structure Function
Sepals Protect the unopened flower
Petals May be brightly coloured to attract insects
Stamens The male parts of the flower (each consists of an anther held up on a filament)
Anthers Produce male sex cells (pollen grains)

What are the 4 functions of a flower?

What Are the Functions of Flowers & Fruits?

  • Flower Pollination. Flowers are where pollination takes place.
  • Seed Production. When pollination occurs in a flowering plant, the male pollen enters the female ovary containing female ovules.
  • Fruit Production. Fruits are seed coverings.
  • Fruit Function. Fruits protect seeds.