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What are conifers short answer?
Conifers are a group of trees and shrubs, for example pine trees and fir trees, that grow in cooler areas of the world. They have fruit called cones, and very thin leaves called needles which they do not normally lose in winter.
What kind of tree is a conifer?
All extant conifers are perennial woody plants with secondary growth. The great majority are trees, though a few are shrubs. Examples include cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews.
What are conifers Class 4?
Trees that grow in the mountainous regions are coned shaped and hence called conifers. They are shaped like cones to shrug off the snow easily. Trees such as pine, fir, spruce and cedar are types of conifers.
What are 5 coniferous trees?
Most conifers have needle-like leaves such as the fir, pine, spruce and larch. Some, like cedar, cypress and juniper trees, have scale-like leaves and do not shed individual leaves, but shed short branches bearing one or more years growth. Most conifers have seeds on the surface of their scales, forming seed cones.
Why is it called conifer?
The word ‘conifer’ is Latin for ‘cone bearing’ because conifers produce cones within which they produce pollen (male cone) and grow seeds (female cone). Conifers are all woody plants, mostly trees plus a few shrubby species, they have either needle-like or scale-like leaves and most species are evergreen.
How do conifers evolve?
Conifers are cone-bearing seed plants with an ancient evolutionary history. As such, their evolutionary history begins with the terrestrial invasion of land plants and the greening of the earth, the rise of the Paleozoic forest and the Jurassic plant diet of herbivorous dinosaurs.
Where do conifers grow?
Location. Most coniferous trees grow in the northern hemisphere where they form forests, which are called taiga or boreal forests. These trees grow wild across many areas in North America, Europe and Asia. Some conifers grow in the Southern Hemisphere in places such New Zealand and Chile.
What is a conifer ks2?
Conifers are trees and plants that bear cones and needle-like leaves that are typically evergreen.
Is a Christmas tree a conifer?
There are several types of conifer that can be brought indoors for decorating at Christmas. Most are available as cut trees, but container grown and containerised trees (dug up with roots and plunged into pots) are also available.
Is a pine a conifer?
Well, pines are conifers, but why? Conifers are, most simply, plants that have cones. So yes, pine trees are conifers; we all know about pine cones!
What are the 7 families of conifers?
- Pinaceae – Pine family.
- Araucariaceae – Araucaria family.
- Podocarpaceae – Yellow-wood family.
- Sciadopityaceae – Umbrella-pine family.
- Cupressaceae – Cypress family.
- Cephalotaxaceae – Plum-yew family.
When did seeds first appear?
about one million years ago
Seed plants appeared about one million years ago, during the Carboniferous period.
What are the ten most popular conifers?
– Norway spruce. This popular spruce has a pyramidal shape with shiny dark-green foliage. – Creeping juniper. – Hinoki false cypress. – Arborvitae. – Bald cypress. – Sawara cypress. – Hiba arborvitae. – Dwarf Colorado blue spruce. – Mugo pine. – Oriental spruce.
What are facts about conifers?
Conifers. Conifers are the largest, most widespread, and most economically important group of gymnosperms (nonflowering seed plants), including about 630 species divided into six or seven families. Conifers are the oldest extant group of seed plants, dating back to more than 280 million years in the fossil record.
What are the various uses of conifers?
Conifers are highly useful in everyday life. They constitute about 75% of all the timber that is cut and their uses range from building construction to furniture, fence posts, pencils, plywood and veneers.
What are two traits of conifers?
Cones grow in a range of sizes, shapes and colors, but they share some common characteristics. Most consist of hard, woody scales — or in the case of junipers and yews, fleshy scales — tightly clustered together to form a protective shield over the developing seeds. Conifers produce female and male cones, usually on the same tree or shrub.