What are 2 South American countries?

What are 2 South American countries?

The continent generally includes twelve sovereign states: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela; two dependent territories: the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; and one internal territory: French Guiana.

Which two countries settled most of South America?

Although most of Latin America was colonized by Spain, the countries of Portugal and France also had major influences on the region. Due to war and disease, native populations were decimated.

What two countries explored South America first?

Beginning in 1499, the people and natural resources of South America were repeatedly exploited by foreign conquistadors, first from Spain and later from Portugal. These competing colonial nations claimed the land and resources as their own and divided it into colonies.

Which two countries settled most areas in Central and South America?

The first European countries to begin colonizing the Americas were Spain and Portugal. Spain claimed and settled Mexico, most of Central and South America, several islands in the Caribbean, and what are now Florida, California, and the Southwest region of the United States.

Who found South America?

Explorer Christopher Columbus sets foot on the American mainland for the first time, at the Paria Peninsula in present-day Venezuela. Thinking it an island, he christened it Isla Santa and claimed it for Spain. Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451.

Where should I Go in South America?

Why should I visit South America? 1 1. Ecuador & the Galapagos. When it comes to exploring South America, there’s no better place to start than right from the middle of the world! 2 2. Colombia. 3 3. Peru. 4 4. Chile. 5 5. Bolivia.

How many countries are in South America?

The Top 5 South American Countries you should definitely consider visiting this year and why. With a grand total of 12 countries packed into the 4th largest continent in the world, South America easily presents a lot of terrain and culture to cover. Overwhelmed though?

Do you need a visa to travel to South America?

Each country in South America determines its own visa regulations for U.S. citizens. Some countries offer a nearly open border, while others require detailed visa documents. For example, Brazil requires U.S. passport-holders to obtain a visa for $160 before departure.

What are the best South American festivals?

If you want to party while visiting South America, follow the continent’s iconic festivals, many of which are known the world over. Brazil’s Carnival, the largest in the world, is well worth planning a trip around thanks to weeklong parties, elaborate parades and ornate costumes.